Entangled Religions 2018-09-18T07:03:33+00:00 Julia Reiker Open Journal Systems <p><em>Entangled Religions</em> is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed academic journal. It deals with encounters between different religious traditions and concomitant processes of transfer in past and present times.</p> Dynamics and Stability in the Encounters between Asian Buddhists and European Christians 2018-07-11T12:14:26+00:00 Stephen C. Berkwitz <p>The aim of this paper is to theorize broadly about how cultural encounters between Asian Buddhists and European Christians spurred various efforts to demarcate, systematize, and stabilize religious traditions. It focuses on the dynamics seen in Buddhist responses to contact situations from the sixteenth century onwards in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Japan in order to map out some patterns of interaction among these communities. Theories of cultural imitation and independence do not suffice to theorize interreligious encounters in these cases. Using select examples, this paper will contend that Asian Buddhists often&nbsp;responded to various kinds of European interventions by redefining and reimagining the&nbsp;Buddhist tradition in new ways in order to argue for its continued validity and to secure its&nbsp;stability in the face of external encounters and pressures.</p> 2018-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Typologies and Argumentation Tactics in Religious Polemics - An Analysis of al-Jawāb al Sahih and the Cyprus Letter 2018-07-11T12:14:10+00:00 Faris Zwirahn <p>Christian-Muslim polemical exchanges and the relationship between the two faiths’ religious authorities in the medieval period were often rigid. One exchange between Christian theologians in Cyprus and Muslim theologians in Damascus is evidently polemical and exemplifies the difficult relations that occurred early in the fourteenth century and the nature of challenging religious arguments. That is <em>The Letter from the People of Cyprus</em> and Ibn Taymiyya’s response to it. This article offers a new analysis through the perspective of particular theoretical typologies of religious polemics. Accordingly, the article shows that these two polemicists adhere to multiple scriptural and rational tactics in support of their biased understanding of religious truth and the definition of impeccable revelations. It also shows that both theologians were involved in forceful and sometimes contradictory argumentative techniques.</p> 2018-07-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Representation of Transcendence. The Armenian Letter “On the Image-Fighters” from the Seventh Century CE 2018-09-18T07:03:33+00:00 Thomas Jurczyk <p>The major aim of this article is to study the Armenian Letter “On the Image-Fighters” by Vrt’anes K’ert’oł (approx. seventh century CE) from a religious studies’ perspective&nbsp;by examining the use and the role of representation (through images) in the <em>Letter</em>. The topic of&nbsp;representation is important both for the study of religion as well as for the history of iconoclasm&nbsp;and closely connected to the analytical concept of immanence/transcendence. The peculiarities&nbsp;of the use of representation in the <em>Letter</em> demonstrate that some aspects of the broader&nbsp;notion of representation must be adjusted when talking about religious representation. The&nbsp;approach of this article combines an in-depth investigation of the Letter (including an English&nbsp;translation in the appendix) with comparisons to different semantic layers of the modern notion&nbsp;of representation and the use of representation in Greek (pre-)iconoclastic sources from the&nbsp;same period.</p> 2018-09-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##