Manichaeism and Buddhism in Contact: The Significance of the Uyghur History and Its Literary Tradition
Keywords:Old Uyghur, West Uyghur Kingdom, Buddhism, Manichaeism, Confession Texts, Religious Contacts, Central Asia, Uyghur Literary Tradition
The exchanges between Manichaeism and Buddhism are one of the most-discussed topics in the religious study of Central Asia. Old Uyghur materials are often used in these discussions because the Uyghurs experienced the religious shift from Manichaeism to Buddhism. The sources attest that Manichaean and Buddhist communities co-existed under Uyghur rule, although the period of co-existence was limited. Thus, the texts produced in that period could show traces of exchange between these two religious communities. Previous studies, however, concentrate on the religious exchanges and do not consider the Uyghurs’ literary tradition, their historical background, and the language development in Old Uyghur. This paper re-examines the materials cited in previous studies, reconsiders exchanges between the two religious communities under Uyghur rule, and addresses the results of this survey.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Yukiyo Kasai
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